Occupational Therapy is a client-centered health profession concerned with enabling individuals to participate in the activities of everyday life due to difficulties because of an accident, disability, disease, emotional or developmental problem, or change related to the normal aging process. In a long term care setting, an Occupational Therapist understands the functional abilities of a resident and provides appropriate recommendations and interventions for reasons such as declining mobility, declining cognition, or even a medical diagnosis, within a multi-disciplinary approach of allied health professionals.

Occupational Therapists in long term care provide services like wheelchair and equipment assessments, cognitive assessments, recommendations of seating surfaces and feeding assessments during mealtime. In most cases, modifications or changes have to be made to the prescribed recommendation in order to better fit it to the resident's changing physical and cognitive needs. Occupational Therapists are thus extremely important in long term care facilities.